16 March 2012

Early ICU Energy Deficit is a Risk Factor for Staphylococcus aureus Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia

Posted in Indirect Calorimetry, Scientific

Early ICU Energy Deficit is a Risk Factor for Staphylococcus aureus Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia

This study was undertaken to determine the impact of patients’early in-ICU energy balance on the pathogens responsible for ventilator-associated pneumonia.

Energy balance (energy delivered - calculated resting energy expenditure) was compared according to the microbiologic results of the fiber-optic BAL (bronchoalveolar lavage) cultures of 76 consecutive patients receiving acute prolonged (≥ 96 h) mechanical ventilation who developed Ventilator-associated Pneumonia during their ICU stay.

The study conclusion was that "Early ICU energy deficit is an independent determinant for acquiring S aureus Ventilator-associated Pneumonia in patients on acute prolonged mechanical ventilation.". Therefore, "limiting the energy deficit during the first week of ICU stay could be a way to optimize S aureus VAP prevention".

The abstract details are the following:

- Title: "Early ICU Energy Deficit Is a Risk Factor for Staphylococcus aureus Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia"
- Authors
: Christophe Faisy, Maria Candela Llerena, Magali Savalle, Jean-Luc Mainardi and Jean-Yves Fagon. European Georges Pompidou Hospital, University Paris–Descartes, France
- Published in
: Chest 2011;140;1254-1260

The article can be purchased at the following link: click here


Founded in 1980, COSMED is a privately owned company manufacturing Cardio Pulmonary and Metabolic Diagnostic Equipment. COSMED products include a full range of Spirometers, Pulmonary Function, Body Composition, Nutritional Assessment and Cardio Pulmonary Exercise systems, including Electrocardiographs, Ergometers and Assessment Software. COSMED solutions are aimed for either professional or medical use for many different applications like: Hospital, Clinics, Primary Care, University & Education in Human Physiology, Clinical Nutrition, Commercial Weight Management, Human Performance Centers, Sport Institutions and Health Club Industry. COSMED Headquarters are located in the province of Rome, Italy. COSMED has subsidiaries in the USA, China and Germany, and distributes its products internationally through a constantly growing distributor network covering more than 70 countries.