Total Energy Expenditure, Energy Intake, and Body Composition in Endurance Athletes Across the Training Season: A Systematic Review
An interesting article on Sport Medicine Online reviewed 321 scientific articles to analyze the alterations of total energy expenditure (TEE), energy intake, and body composition during different seasonal training phases.
The purpose of this study was to (1) systematically analyze TEE, energy intake, and body composition in highly trained athletes of various endurance disciplines and of both sexes and (2) analyze fluctuations in these parameters across the training season.
Male and female endurance athletes show important training seasonal fluctuations in TEE, energy intake, and body composition. Therefore, dietary intake recommendations should take into consideration other factors including the actual training load, TEE, and body composition goals of the athlete.
The article details are the following:
- Title: "Total Energy Expenditure, Energy Intake, and Body Composition in Endurance Athletes Across the Training Season: A Systematic Review"
- Authors: Juliane Heydenreich,Bengt Kayser, Yves Schutz, and Katarina Melzer
- Published in: Sports Med Open. 2017 Dec; 3: 8
The study can be downoloaded freely at the following link: click here
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