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A selection of scientific articles on Cardio Pulmonary, Lung Function, Metabolism and Body Composition

Association between body composition at term equivalent age and Bayley scores at 2 years in preterm infants

24 May 2021
Premature infants often undergo postnatal growth failure and show an altered body composition (BC) at termequivalent age (TEA) with lower fat-free mass (FFM) and increased fat mass (FM) than infants born at term. Early nutrition and growth may impact brain growth. Nevertheless, the evidence relating BC and later neurodevelopment remains sparse....

Infant body composition assessment in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) using air displacement plethysmography: strategies for implementation into clinical workflow

04 May 2021
Body composition is a sensitive marker of infants’ intra- and extrauterine growth quality that can influence short- and long-term outcomes; including retinopathy of prematurity, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), metabolic health, cardiovascular and neurodevelopmental outcomes. Low body fat percentage at birth in small and appropriate for gestat...

Neonatal Adiposity and Childhood Obesity

02 October 2020
The study wants to explore the longitudinal association of neonatal adiposity (fat mass percentage) with BMI trajectories and childhood overweight and obesity from ages 2 to 6 years. METHODS: We studied 979 children from the Healthy Start cohort. Air displacement plethysmography was used to estimate fat mass percentage. Child weight and recum...

A longitudinal study of the effects of age, sex and race on body composition in chronic kidney disease

27 September 2020
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterized by accelerated aging, but the age-related changes in body composition and its modification by sex and race are unclear. METHODS: We assembled a cohort of 516 patients with CKD and 45 healthy controls and serially measured body composition using air-displacement plethysmography for up to 6 years. M...

Association Between Fat Mass in Early Life and Later Fat Mass Trajectories

20 September 2020
In this study, only the change in FM% in the first 6 months of life was associated with more adiposity at age 2 years. Infants with a rapid increase in FM% had higher trajectories of FM% and FM index during the first 2 years of life. These findings appear to support a critical window for adiposity programming in early life. Question   Is a rapi...

Body Composition During Pregnancy Differs by Obesity Class

09 August 2020
The aim of this study is to characterize changes in body composition during pregnancy in women with obesity. METHODS: Fifty‐four healthy women with obesity (class 1, 30‐34.9 kg/m2: n = 25; class 2, 35‐39.9 kg/m2: n = 21; class 3, ≥ 40.0 kg/m2: n = 8) expecting a singleton pregnancy were studied. Body composition was measured in early pregnanc...

Body Composition Changes from Infancy to 4 Years and Associations with Early Childhood Cognition in Preterm and Full-Term Children

20 June 2018
A new study on the Neonatology Journal shows the relationship netween body composition at birth and in early childhood with risk for cognitive deficits. This scientific paper aim is to test the hypothesis that cognitive function, particularly memory and executive function, are associated with fat-free body mass accretion in preterm and not full...

An Evaluation of Army Wellness Center Clients’ Health-Related Outcomes

13 March 2018
This new paper analyzes in detail the effectiveness of the Army Wellness Center (AWC) model as a health promotion program for US military. The Army Wellness Center (AWC) model was designed to deliver individual- and group-based health education services that promote and sustain healthy lifestyles and improve overall well-being among Army commun...

Deficit of Fat Free Mass in Very Preterm Infants at Discharge is Associated with Neurological Impairment at Age 2 Years

26 January 2018
A new key paper on the Journal of Pediatrics focuses on the importance of body composition measurement in preterm infants in order to assess neurological outcome at 2 years of age. Monitoring not only weight gain but the quality of growth during hospitalization along with assessment of body composition has become more common among neonatologist...

Body composition at birth and its relationship with neonatal anthropometric ratios: the newborn body composition study of the INTERGROWTH-21st project

19 October 2017
A new study on Pediatric Research Journal focuses on body composition at birth and its relationship with neonatal anthropometric ratios. This study objective is to describe newborn body composition and identify which anthropometric ratio (weight/length; BMI; or ponderal index, PI) best predicts fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM). The availa...

Anthropometric measures are not accurate predictors of fat mass in ALS

22 June 2017
A new article on the Journal of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) shows how anthropometric measurements are not effective to measure fat mass in ALS patients. The assessment of Fat Mass in Amyotrophic Latersal Sclerosis patients is important as metabolic abnormalities impact disease progression. Anthropometric measurements include body mass i...

Diabetes in pregnancy and infant adiposity: systematic review and meta-analysis

24 March 2017
A new systematic review on the relationship between maternal diabetes in pregnancy and offspring adiposity was published in the ADC Fetal % Neonatal Journal. The aim of the study was provide a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare adiposity in infants of diabetic mothers (IDM) and infants of mothers without diabetes (NIDM). The paper ...

Total Energy Expenditure, Energy Intake, and Body Composition in Endurance Athletes Across the Training Season: A Systematic Review

16 March 2017
An interesting article on Sport Medicine Online reviewed 321 scientific articles to analyze the alterations of total energy expenditure (TEE), energy intake, and body composition during different seasonal training phases. The purpose of this study was to (1) systematically analyze TEE, energy intake, and body composition in highly trained athle...

Body Composition Trajectories From Infancy to Preschool in Children Born Premature Versus Full-Term

10 February 2017
The Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition hosts a study analyzing the body composition trajectories from birth to preschool age. The aim of the study was to longitudinally characterize infancy to preschool body composition trajectories and the association of early fat and fat-free mass gains with preschool age body composition in ...

New body composition reference charts for preterm infants

09 November 2016
An extremely important study has been published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition providing body composition reference curves for preterm infants. The objective of this study was to create ADP-based body composition reference curves for preterm infants that approximate, as close as is feasible in live-born infants near birth, the bo...

Estimating fat mass in heart failure patients

20 October 2016
New research from the Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin presents an explorative, single-centre, observational, study assessing body composition (BC) in heart failure (HF) patients using a multi-method, two-compartment approach. The aim of the present study is to assess the association of simple anthropometric indices such as BMI and WHR with F...

Preterm infant body composition cannot be accurately determined by weight and length

05 October 2016
A new study determines, using ADP as a validation method, whether any of the anthropometric indices used historically or currently accurately predict body composition in infants. Body composition is a key metric for assessing nutrition in preterm infants. In many neonatal intensive care units body composition is estimated using anthropometric i...

Analysis of the body composition of Paralympic athletes: Comparison of two methods

06 September 2016
The ECSS Journal (EJSS, European Journal of Sport Science) published a new article examining the best methods to measure body composition on paralympic athletes. The study objectives were to describe the body composition of participants in three distinct Paralympic sports and to compare the values of body density and estimated body fat obtained...

Early Infant Feeding and Body Composition In Pre-School Children

01 August 2016
A new study on the International Journal of Pediatrics and Child Health examines the association between early infant feeding and childhood adiposity. The objective for this study was to assess the relationship between infant feeding (exclusive breastfeeding, mixed feeding and exclusive formula feeding) and childhood adiposity among pre-school ...

Role of Pregnancy Body Composition Changes on Pregnancy Outcome, and Infant Feeding on Infant Growth and Body Composition

25 May 2016
Body composition of pregnant women and its influence on infant body composition has been analysed in this scientific paper on the FASEB Journal. This project evaluated the relationship between pregnancy weight gain and maternal body composition (fat mass, fat free mass, percent body fat and percent lean body mass) changes on pregnancy outcome (...

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